Hope of Israel Ministries (Ecclesia
The Return of
YEHOVAH God and His
Down through the centuries most
Christians have read -- and re-read -- the verses in Revelation
19 thinking they portray the figure of a glorified Messiah
returning in great power to rule this earth. Some, pointing to
Revelation 14:14, claim this verse refers to a "pre-Advent"
return of the Messiah to gather the elect and return to Heaven
with them to await the prophesied return to earth presented in
Revelation 19. Are these scenarios true? Does Revelation 19 really depict
the return of the Messiah, or has the so-called "Christian"
world been led astray once again by the master deceiver, Satan?
It will, without a doubt, shock many to realize that the great
climatic, awe-inspiring, mind-blowing event of the end of man's
rule on this earth will be THE RETURN OF YEHOVAH GOD'S SHEKINAH
GLORY to rule this earth from a newly constructed Temple in
John D. Keyser
Several years ago I wrote an article entitled, The
"Second Coming" of YEHOVAH, in which I explained that Revelation 19
pictures the return of YEHOVAH God to this earth, while Revelation 14
pictures the return of Yeshua the Messiah. This is not altogether true.
While it is a fact that
Revelation 19 does indeed picture the return of YEHOVAH God, Revelation 14
does not strictly refer to the return of Yeshua as such -- but to the work
he does immediately upon
At the time of writing I didn't clearly see that
the actual return of
Yeshua is fully pictured in Revelation 10:1-7. This article will correct
that misconception and provide a fascinating, new understanding of the book
of Revelation as revealed to the apostle John in the latter part of the
The Shekinah Glory
In Revelation 21:22, the phrase "glory of God"
in The Kingdom Interlinear
Translation of the Greek Scriptures is
rendered "God's SH'KHINAH" in the Jewish
New Testament -- notice!
I saw no temple in the
city, for ADONAI [YEHOVAH], God of heaven's armies, is its Temple,
as is the Lamb [Christ]. The city has no need for the sun or the moon to
shine on it, because GOD'S
SH'KHINAH gives it
light, and its lamp is the Lamb (Jewish New Testament).
This is very important. The word "Shekinah" (Sh'khinah)
was coined from verbal cognates (related words) in the Bible which describe
the "presence" of YEHOVAH in a certain locality. The verbal cognates are
used extensively to describe the "Shekinah" appearances. The word "Shekinah"
itself is not found in the Biblical texts, but the concept clearly is. The
word most certainly is derived from "shakan," and whoever first used
the word "Shekinah" coined it as a substantive (noun form) from the verbal
forms used to describe the "abiding, dwelling, or habitation" of the
physical manifestations of YEHOVAH God described in Exodus 24:16, 40:35 and
Numbers 9:17-18 -- and various other places where "shakan" is used.
Note that the word is also used to describe the
mystical "Shekinah" presence in the Tabernacle and later in the first and
second Temples. The word "mishkan," (mshkn), a derivation of "shakan"
(shkn), is often translated "tabernacle." The Hebrew for tabernacle
is more often simply "ohel," 'ohel, or tent. "Mishkan" means
"dwelling place" -- that is, THE "DWELLING PLACE" OF "HIM WHO DWELLS" OR
The Hebrew verb "shakan" (shkn) simply
means to take up residence for a long period of time in a neighborhood. The
distinction between this word and "yashav" -- which is also
translated "dwell" -- is as follows: You can use the word "yashav" to mean
an individual doing the dwelling WITHOUT reference to others or to duration,
while "shakan" means a PROTRACTED DWELLING IN THE MIDST OF A NEIGHBORHOOD OR
A GROUP OF PEOPLE. The primary meaning is to reside and continue as a member
of the community. Of course, when it refers to YEHOVAH God, it takes on an
added dimension that is obvious from the scriptures.
When verbal forms are translated as nouns, the
word sometimes means "habitat." Grammatically (in Hebrew), when verbal forms
are translated as nouns, they are called "substantives." Technically,
therefore, "Shekinah" is a substantive rather than a noun.
Some people object that the word "Shekinah," (shknh),
is not to be found in the Old Testament in its noun form, and that it
describes a concept that is not scriptural. It is also claimed that the word
was coined by Post-Biblical Rabbinic scholars. While it is admitted that the
Rabbinic concept of YEHOVAH being some sort of hovering non-personal force
is an unacceptable extension of the meaning, the CONCEPT OF A PHYSICAL
MANIFESTATION of YEHOVAH's localized dwelling on this planet IS,
nonetheless, scriptural. I have chosen to use the word "Shekinah" (shknh)
to name this "presence" and to better develop a concept I will get to later
on in the article. Also, this meaning is in general use among many
Christians -- even though they are generally ignorant of the origin of the
In the Encyclopedia
Judaica the "Shekinah" is
defined as "the Divine Presence, the numinous immanence of God in the
world,...a revelation of the holy in the midst of the profane...." (Volume
14, pp. 1349-1351).
The Encyclopedia goes
on to say --
One of the more prominent
images associated with the Shekhinah is that of light. Thus on the
verse, "...the earth did shine with His glory" (Ezekiel 43:2), the rabbis
remark, "This is the face of the Shekhinah" (Avot diRabbi Natan [18b-19a];
see also Chullin 59b-60a). Both
the angels in heaven and the righteous in olam ha-ba ("the world to come")
areSUSTAINED BY THE RADIANCE OF THE SHEKINAH (Exodus Rabbah 32:4, B'rakhot
17a; cf. Exodus 34:29-35)....
According to Saadiah Gaon
[882-942 C.E.], the Shekhinah is identical with kevod ha-Shem ("the glory of
God"), which served as an INTERMEDIARY BETWEEN GOD AND MAN
during the prophetic experience. He suggests that the "glory of God" is the
Biblical term, and Shekhinah the
Talmudic term for the created splendor of light which ACTS ASAN INTERMEDIARY
BETWEEN GOD AND MAN, and which sometimes TAKES ON HUMAN FORM. Thus when
Moses asked to see the glory of God, HE WAS SHOWN THE SHEKHINAH, and when
the prophets in their visions saw God in HUMAN LIKENESS, what they actually
saw WAS NOT GOD HIMSELF BUT
THE SHEKHINAH (see
Saadiah's interpretation of Ezekiel 1:26, I Kings 22:19, and Daniel 7:9 in Book
of Beliefs and Opinions 2:10).
Throughout the Bible YEHOVAH God speaks of His
desire for an intimate relationship with His people. The "Shekinah,"
therefore, refers to the presence of YEHOVAH that was -- but is not now --
physically manifested in the time-space continuum. It could be seen. The
presence was A VEHICLE OF THE PERSON OF YEHOVAH IN THE THREE DIMENSIONAL
WORLD. Solomon's understanding that YEHOVAH God cannot actually be limited
to Temples on earth because of His eternal nature can be seen in I Kings
But will God really dwell ["yashav"]
on earth? Even the heavens to their utmost reaches cannot
contain You, how much less this House [Temple] that I have built!
This omniscient, eternal presence of YEHOVAH
(that Solomon recognized) is the HEAVENLY, but not the earthly, "Shekinah."
Even though the INFINITE spiritual presence is, and was, COINCIDENTAL with
the PHYSICALLY DISCERNIBLE "SHEKINAH" -- it was DISTINGUISHED from the
physical even in Mosaic times. Right now the "Shekinah" is only manifested
in the infinite way, but in the near future it will be manifested in the
PHYSICAL FORM once again when IT RETURNS TO THIS EARTH to reside in the new
Temple in Jerusalem!
During the time of Moses the added PHYSICAL
"Shekinah" presence was evidence of the REAL which is omnipresent and
unseen. The presence was NOT YEHOVAH (YHVH) -- it was a PHYSICAL
MANIFESTATION of the actual presence of YEHOVAH among His people that was physically
disturbing. Be aware that it is to be distinguished from the "angel of the
LORD." The "Shekinah" was first evident when the Israelites set out from
Succoth in their escape from Egypt. There it appeared as a cloudy pillar in
the day and a fiery pillar by night -- note Exodus 13:20:
They set out from
Succoth, and encamped at Ethan, at the edge of the wilderness. The LORD
[YEHOVAH, YHVH] went before them in a PILLAR OF CLOUD by day, to guide
them along the way, and in a PILLAR OF FIRE by night, to give them light
that they might travel day and night. The PILLAR OF CLOUD by day and the
PILLAR OF FIRE by night did not depart from before the people.
The physical "Shekinah" was also evident at the
crossing of the Red Sea --
At the morning watch, the
LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] looked down upon the Egyptian army
from a PILLAR OF FIRE AND CLOUD, and threw the Egyptian army into panic.
He locked the wheels of their chariots so that they moved forward with
difficulty. And the Egyptians said, "Let us flee from the Israelites,
for the LORD [YEHOVAH] is fighting for them against Egypt. -- Exodus
The Israelites were led by the "Shekinah" for
forty years, after which the "holy presence" of the omniscient God inhabited
the Tabernacle and the land of Israel. After this time the "Shekinah" was
not always physically manifested -- as we read in Numbers 35:34 --
You shall not defile the
land in which you live, in which I Myself abide ["shakan"], for I the
LORD [YEHOVAH] abide ["shakan"] among the Israelite people.
When Moses and the Israelites finished erecting
the Tabernacle, the "Shekinah" of YEHOVAH God filled it:
When Moses had finished
the work, the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the PRESENCE
OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH] filled the Tabernacle. Moses could not enter the
Tent of Meeting, because the cloud had settled upon it and the PRESENCE
OF THE LORD filled the
Tabernacle. When the cloud lifted from the Tabernacle, the
Israeliteswould set out, on their various journeys; but if the cloud did
not lift, they would not set out until such time as it did lift. For
over the Tabernacle a cloud of the LORD rested by day, and the fire
would appear in it by night, in the view of all the house of Israel
throughout their journeys. -- Exodus 40:33-38.
Whenever that presence was physically
manifested, it was frightening to those who experienced it:
When Moses had ascended
the mountain, the cloud covered the mountain. The PRESENCE OF THE LORD
["Cavod YHVH"] abode ["shakan"] on Mount Sinai, and the cloud hid it for
six days. On the seventh day He called to Moses from the midst of the
cloud. Now the PRESENCE OF THE LORD ["Cavod YHVH"] appeared in the sight
of the Israelites as a consuming fire on the top of the mountain. --
Writes Fred P. Miller: "Earlier, the seventy
elders had gone up into the cloud and actually saw the "Shekinah" glory, and
they were so afraid they asked Moses never to take them again. As far as
they were concerned, they saw God! You can only imagine their hair on end
and their wide-eyed appearance as they came down from the mountain
exclaiming 'We saw God! It was terrible!'" (Zechariah and Jewish
A few days earlier, when the Ten Commandments
were given, the appearance of the physical presence of YEHOVAH on Mount
Sinai is described as fire and cloud and thick darkness. The Psalms contain
a description of this event calling it a "Shekinah" presence --
Why do you fume with
envy, you mountains of many peaks? This is the mountain [Sinai] which
God desires to dwell ["shakan"] in; yes, the LORD [YEHOVAH] will
dwell in it forever. The
chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of thousands; the
LORD is among them as in Sinai, in the Holy Place. You have ascended on
high, you have led captivity captive; you have received gifts among men,
even among the rebellious, that the LORD GOD might dwell ["shakan"]
there. -- Psalm 68:16-18.
Later, as we have seen, the physical "Shekinah"
presence of YEHOVAH took up residence in the newly completed Tabernacle and
was apparent to the whole nation of Israel.
There are a number of other occasions when the
direct intervention of YEHOVAH was manifest in a "Shekinah" presence to
Moses. At the time of the setting up of the Tabernacle (before it was
finished) YEHOVAH God spoke to Moses out of the cloud and Moses realized the
"Shekinah" was a VEHICLE and NOT YEHOVAH Himself. As we see in Exodus 33,
Moses asked for more -- to actually "see" YEHOVAH -- and YEHOVAH allowed him
to see A LARGER PORTION of
His PHYSICAL "Shekinah" presence. Notice --
And the LORD [YEHOVAH]
said to Moses, "I will also do this thing that you have asked; for you
have truly gained My favor and I have singled you out by name." He
[Moses] said, "Oh, let me behold Your Presence!" [He was speaking to
Yehovah's voice coming from the "Shekinah."] And He [YEHOVAH] answered,
"I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim before
you the name LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH], and the grace that I grant and the
compassion that I show. But," He said, "you cannot see My face, for men
may not see Me and live."
After Israel entered the Promised Land,
YEHOVAH's presence was manifested spiritually in the Tabernacle -- but not
often in a physical manner. YEHOVAH's actual presence was always accepted by
the Israelites as being in the Tabernacle (and later in the Temple), but was
not always physically confirmed by the visible "Shekinah." However, there
were occasional renewals of miraculous appearances of the "Shekinah" -- such
as when the Temple of Solomon was dedicated. There was an initial appearance
in a vision when the LORD (YEHOVAH) promised that He would "shakan"
or dwell in the house that Solomon was building. Notice I Kings 6:11-13:
Then the word of the LORD
[YEHOVAH] came to Solomon, "With regard to this House [Temple]
you are building -- if you follow My laws and observe My rules and
faithfully keep My
commandments, I will fulfill for you the promise that I gave to your
father David: I will abide ["shakan"] among the children of
Israel, and I will never forsake My people Israel."
Later, when the construction of the Temple was
finished and the day of dedication was at hand, the holy "Shekinah"
manifested itself in a very physical way --
When the priests came out
of the sanctuary -- for the cloud ["Shekinah"] had filled the House
of the LORD and the priests were not able to remain and perform the
services because of the cloud ["Shekinah"], for the Presence of the LORD
filled the House of the LORD
-- then Solomon declared: "The LORD has chosen to abide ["shaken"]
in a thickcloud: I have now built for you a stately House, a place where
You may dwell ["shakan"] forever."
-- I Kings 8:10-13.
This same incident is recorded in II Chronicles
5:13. The "Shekinah" would no longer be associated with the Tabernacle but
was to be transferred to the Temple. As a result, this physical
manifestation was necessary to that generation because the Law of Moses was
being amended at this point and YEHOVAH was showing His approval of the
amendment to His legal system by the manifestation of the "Shekinah."
Whenever YEHOVAH makes a "forever" promise in
the Bible, there are certain conditions connected to it -- and this case is
no different. When He said He would dwell ("shakan") in the Temple
"forever," there were conditions to this promise. Therefore, at the
destruction of the First Temple, He did not allow His "Shekinah" presence to
stay in the Holy of Holies (inner sanctuary of the Temple) after a certain
level of corruption had taken place. What is surprising is that He stayed in
the Temple for so long! Evidently, His love for His people is such that He
endures far more than any human judge would deem possible. Even with all the
corruption that occurred during the last days of Jehoiakim and Jehoiachin
(and most of the reign of Zedekiah). Ezekiel's vision of the DEPARTURE OF
YEHOVAH'S "SHEKINAH" from the Temple and city did not occur until after the
beginning of the final siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar and his army.
Ezekiel's description of YEHOVAH's "Shekinah" is
more detailed but very similar to what the 70 elders saw on Mount Sinai, as
recorded in Exodus 24. Writes Fred Miller --
Ezekiel's description of
the "Shekinah" in chapter one of his prophecy is physically exciting
just to read. Imagine actually seeing it! It is described as fire
enfolding itself borne by cherubic
creatures whose appearance pulsated with undulating light, themselves
borne by gyroscopic double
wheels. Lightning came out of the midst of the fire surrounded by clear
sapphire where a man-like person on a throne sat in an electric eye. If
electricity is anachronistic, the word is nonetheless "chashmal" which
is the modern Hebrew word for electricity. The Septuagint has "electrum"
and so does the Vulgate! Whatever "chashmal" and "electrum" meant to the
ancients who used these words it can only be said that "eyn chashmal"
in Hebrew and "opsin electrou" in Greek and "speciem electri" found in
Latin in Eze. 1:27 is not "amber" as in the English translation. The
word "color" does not appear in the text. -- Zechariah
and Jewish Renewal.
There are other descriptions of the nature of
YEHOVAH's "Shekinah" that Ezekiel saw LEAVING a then desolate Temple. The
building was still standing but no longer had YEHOVAH's glory before it was
The Departure and Return of the "Shekinah"
It should be noted that Ezekiel saw both the
DEPARTURE of the "Shekinah" and the RETURN in two distinct visions separated
in time by a number of years. The visions that he saw -- of events that
happened after his own death -- describe exactly the same "Shekinah" which
he saw first in chapter ten and then afterwards leave the Temple, also in
chapter ten. As we shall note, at the beginning of chapter ten the
"Shekinah" was still in the Temple --
The glory of the LORD
["Cavod YHVH"] went up from the cherub, and stood over the threshold
of the house [Temple]; and the house was filled with the cloud, and the
court was full of the brightness of the LORD'S glory ["Cavod YHVH"]. --
However, YEHOVAH was making preparations to
REMOVE the "Shekinah" from the Temple and then from the very city itself:
And the cherubim lifted
up their wings, and mounted up from the earth in my sight; when they
went out, the wheels also were beside them, and every one stood at the
door of the EAST GATE of the
LORD'S house; and the glory of the God of Israel was over them above.
-- Ezekiel 10:19.
Then, in Ezekiel 11:23, we read of the actual
DEPARTURE of YEHOVAH's "Shekinah" from the MOUNT
OF OLIVES --
And the glory of the LORD
["Cavod YHVH"] went up from the midst of the city, and stood on the
mountain which is on the east side of the city [Mount of Olives].
From the Mount of Olives the "Shekinah" departed
from this earth to later return to the Temple that was rebuilt under
Zerubbabel, but before the arrival of Ezra and Nehemiah. The "Shekinah"
remained in the Temple from this time through the enlarging of the Temple
complex by Herod, and his subsequent improvements. This is borne out by a
little known but awe-inspiring incident that occurred when Herod tried to
tap into the tremendous wealth of King David's tomb in order to finance his
grandiose plans to rebuild the Temple platform.
Writes Gary Arvidson: "So, how was Herod able to
finance this and other projects? Toward the beginning of his great work 'all
their sacred treasures were exhausted.' We are told in this same context
that people around the world sent an abundance of money for the Temple
project. But there were other funds to be raised. And Herod found ANOTHER
SOURCE!" (In Search of King David's Tomb, part 1, p. 27).
Arvidson goes on to say: "What we are going to
find is that Herod tapped David's sepulchre as a major resource for his
great works...and as a consequence gained access to David's sepulchre to
finance and decorate his empire. What had been amassed for the First Temple
and laid aside by Solomon, was finally used for the Second Temple period" (ibid.).
The first-century A.D. Jewish historian and
priest Josephus, records that "at this time he [Herod] opened the sepulchre
by night, and went into it, and endeavoured that it should not be known in
the city, but took only his faithful friends with him" (Antiquities14.7.1).
Then begins the most unusual account of all.
Herod was determined to explore the multiroom structure of David's tomb to
the limits. Suddenly, a great miracle occurred --
However, he [Herod] had a
great desire to make a more diligent search, and to go further in,
even as far as the very bodies of David and Solomon; WHERE TWO OF HIS
GUARDS WERE SLAIN BY A FLAME that burst out upon those that went in, as
the report was. So he was terribly affrighted, and went out, and built a
propitiatory monument of that fright he had been in; and this of white
stone, at the mouth of the sepulchre...(Antiquities 14.7.1).
The physical "Shekinah" put the fear of YEHOVAH
God in Herod and his surviving men and, frankly, scared
the "hell" out of them!
YEHOVAH's "Shekinah" remained in the Temple all
through the life and death of Yeshua and up to the year 66 A.D. -- when it
was seen leaving the Temple and alighting on the Mount of Olives. Notice!
There is also another
reason why Christians in the first century were very interested in the Mount
of Olives. This is because it was believed that the Shekinah Glory of
God which supposedly dwelt
inside the Holy of Holies at the Temple left the sanctuary and went to the
Mount of Olives and hovered over that spot at the time of the
Roman/Jewish War which ended in A.D. 70. The fact that the Shekinah
Glory left the old Temple and migrated to the top of the Mount of Olives
was an important event to Eusebius [church historian and scholar A.D.
260?-340?]. -- Secrets
of Golgotha, by Ernest L. Martin. 1988: ASK Publications,
Alhambra, CA. P. 83.
In Eusebius' book Proof
of the Gospel we find
this passage --
Believers in Christ
congregate from all parts of the world, not as of old time because of
the glory of Jerusalem, nor that they may worship in the ancient Temple
at Jerusalem, but...that they may worship at the Mount of Olives
opposite to the city, whither the glory [the Shekinah Glory] of the LORD
[YEHOVAH, YHVH] migrated when it left the former city. (Book VI, Chapter
According to Eusebius the "Shekinah" Glory left
the Temple and hovered over the Mount of Olives during "the siege of
Jerusalem" (66 A.D. to 70). However, Eusebius was not the only observer who
mentioned that the "Shekinah" Glory left the Temple before the destruction
of the Temple and hovered over the Mount of Olives. A Jewish rabbi named
Jonathan -- who was an eyewitness to the destruction of Jerusalem -- said
the "Shekinah" Glory left the Temple and for three and a half years
"abode on the MOUNT OF
OLIVES hoping that Israel would repent, but they did not; while
a Bet Kol [a supernatural voice from heaven] issued forth announcing,
Return, O backsliding
children [Jer. 3:14]. Return unto Me, and I will return unto you [Mal.
3:7], when they did not
repent, it said, I WILL RETURN TO MY PLACE [Hosea 5:15]" (Midrash
Rabbah, Lamentations 2:11). -- Secrets
of Golgotha, by Ernest L. Martin. 84.
There was yet another writer who recorded the
fact of the "Shekinah" presence of YEHOVAH God moving from the Temple in
Jerusalem just before the war with the Romans. Josephus mentioned that in
the Spring of 66 A.D. some astonishing events took place within the Temple.
He recorded three miracles associated with YEHOVAH's "Shekinah" and the
Temple -- and each one showed clearly that the "Shekinah" was departing from
the Holy of Holies. In Wars VI,
290 he stated "that a GREAT LIGHT shone over the altar for thirty minutes at
3 o'clock in the morning (a week before Passover in A.D. 66) and then it
DEPARTED. He said the sacred scribes interpreted this sign as a bad omen for
the Temple. It was like the Shekinah Glory moving away from the Tabernacle
in the wilderness as a sign to disassemble the Tabernacle and transport it
to another location" (ibid.).
Josephus goes on to say that "a few days later
(during Passover itself) the enormous brass gates of Nicanor, requiring
twenty men to open and close them, opened at midnight of their own accord (Wars VI,
293-295). This was also interpreted as showing a desolation coming upon the
Temple. And then, about fifty days later, on Pentecost, the final sign was
given which definitely showed that the Shekinah Glory was departing the
Temple as the other signs indicated (ibid.):
Moreover, at the festival
which is called Pentecost, the priests on entering the inner court of
the Temple at nightfall, as their custom was in accomplishment of their
ministrations, stated that
they first became aware of a commotion and a roar, and after that the
voice of a great multitude saying "We are departing hence" (Wars VI,
When we couple Josephus' information with that
of Rabbi Jonathan (also an eyewitness) we can see that the "Shekinah" went
directly to the Mount of Olives and remained over the top of the mountain
for 3 and 1/2 years -- from late Spring in 66 A.D to about December of 69
A.D, some eight months before the Temple was destroyed by the Romans. It
then went back to heaven and had not returned to earth up to the time he
These miraculous events had much more
significance to the early Christians than may meet the eye today. Eusebius,
as we have just seen, mentioned the importance of this removal of the
Shekinah glory. It was clearly a sign that YEHOVAH's physical presence had
departed from the Temple on the western hill of Jerusalem and had retreated
to the MOUNT OF OLIVES on the EAST as the new place of His divine residence.
This event of the "Shekinah" glory leaving the Temple and residing on the
Mount of Olives became highly significant to the early Christians because
this is the mountain where YEHOVAH's holy "Shekinah" will RETURN in the near
The Millennial Temple and the Golden Age to
We find recorded in Zechariah 2 -- where he says: "Sing, Jerusalem, and
rejoice! For I have come to live [shakan] among you, says the LORD
[YEHOVAH, YHVH]. AT THAT TIME [of the end] many nations will be converted to
the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH], and they too shall be my people; I will live [shakan]
among them all. Then you will know it was the LORD of Hosts [YEHOVAH, YHVH]
who sent me to you....Be silent, all mankind before the LORD [YEHOVAH,
YHVH]; FOR HE [IN THE FORM OF THE "SHEKINAH"] HAS COME TO EARTH FROM HEAVEN,
FROM HIS HOLY HOME" (10-13).
The Golden Age to come, which Zechariah said was
to follow the return of the "Shekinah" at the end of the age, describes the
city and surrounding areas as being at peace in an age when people can grow
old in a secure environment. To those who lived in Jerusalem, in the hearing
of Zechariah, that would seem like a miracle -- so great was the desolation
of the place. But of the conditions that would follow the RETURN of the
"Shekinah" to the Temple at the end of the age, Zechariah records:
Thus said the LORD
[YEHOVAH, YHVH]: I have RETURNED TO ZION, and I will dwell
[shakan] in Jerusalem.... Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] of
hosts: There shall yet be old
men and women in the squares of Jerusalem, each with a staff in hand
because of their great age. And the squares of the city shall be crowded
with boys and girlsplaying in the squares. Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH,
YHVH] of Hosts: Though it will seem impossible to the remnant of this
people IN THOSE DAYS, shall it also be impossible to Me? -- declares the
LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] of Hosts. -- Zechariah 8:4-6.
The Millennial Temple that YEHOVAH God is
returning to is to be built and engineered by
YESHUA THE MESSIAH! Notice --
Thus says the LORD of hosts, saying:
Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! From his place he shall
branch out, and he shall BUILD THE TEMPLE OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH];
yes, he shall BUILD THE TEMPLE OF THE LORD. He shall bear the glory,
and shall sit and RULE ON HIS THRONE, so he shall be a PRIEST on his
throne, and the counsel of peace shall be BETWEEN THEM BOTH [YEHOVAH
God and the Messiah] (Zechariah 6:12-13, NKJV).
Who is this "Branch" that Zechariah refers
to here? In Jeremiah 23:5-6 we read the following:
"Behold, the days are coming," says the
LORD, that I will raise to David a Branch of righteousness; a King
shall reign and prosper, and execute judgment and righteousness in
the earth. In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell
safely; now this is His name by which He will be called: THE LORD
Clearly, this refers to the coming reign of
the Messiah here on this earth!
Isaiah records the same
time in chapter 11 -- "There shall come forth a Rod from the stem of
Jesse, and a BRANCH shall grow out of his roots. The spirit of the LORD
shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit
of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the
LORD" (verses 1-2).
Once again, as during
Solomon's Temple and Herod's Temple, the SHEKINAH GLORY of YEHOVAH God
will be present in the Millennial Temple! Here is what the Bible records of the Shekinah Glory of
YEHOVAH God in Solomon's Temple after it was dedicated:
The fire came down from heaven, and
consumed the burnt-offering and the sacrifices; and the GLORY OF THE
LORD filled the house. And the priests could not enter into the
house of the LORD, because the glory of the LORD had filled the
LORD'S house (2 Chronicles 7:1, 2).
The Kingdom of YEHOVAH
God can only be established when the Shekinah Glory of YEHOVAH God fills
the Holy Place in the Millennial Temple. The Millennium will witness the
reception of the Messiah by the nation of Israel, and it will also
witness the RETURN of the Shekinah Glory to the Holy of Holies!
Although there are many
similarities to Solomon's Temple -- there are also vast differences in
the Millennial Temple. For example, there is no reference to, or need
for the Ark of the Covenant -- for the TRUE ARK will be in their midst!
The same holds true for the high priest -- for Yeshua himself will hold
this esteemed office! And there will be NO animal sacrifices, because
the Messiah himself was the all-sufficient sacrifice -- and the last
ever to be offered! With the New Covenant now in effect there is no
further need for sacrifices.
Of this glorious time,
when YEHOVAH God Eternal will dwell with
the nation of Israel, Ezekiel
And they shall dwell in the land that I
have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt;
and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and
their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be
their prince for ever.
Moreover I will make a covenant of peace
with them [the New Covenant]; it shall be an everlasting covenant
with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will
set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore. My
tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and
they shall be my people. And the heathen shall know that I the LORD
do sanctify Israel when
my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore (Ezekiel
The regenerated nation of Israel will be a
priestly nation, administering to the needs of the surrounding nations.
Now what about the New Testament -- does the New
Testament record the RETURN of YEHOVAH's glory or "Shekinah" to this earth
and to a NEW Temple in Jerusalem? Indeed it does, and in a passage that
Christians (in their confusion) have taken to refer to the return of Yeshua
the Messiah for more than 1,700 years!! Incredible as it may seem, Satan has
blinded millions over the centuries to the TRUE identity of the Person
pictured in Revelation 19 --
Then I heard what sounded
like the roar of a huge crowd, like the sound of rushing waters, like
loud peals of thunder, saying, "Halleluyah! ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], GOD
OF HEAVEN'S ARMIES, HAS BEGUN HIS REIGN!".... Then I saw heaven opened,
and there before me was a white horse. Sitting on it was the one called
FAITHFUL AND TRUE, and it is in righteousness that he passes judgment
and goes to battle. His eyes were like a fiery flame, and on his head
were MANY ROYAL CROWNS. And he had a name written which no one knew but
himself. He was wearing a
robe that had been soaked in blood, and the name by which he is
called is, "THE WORD OF GOD." The ARMIES OF HEAVEN, clothed in fine
linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. And out of
his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down nations
-- "He will rule them with a staff of iron." It is he
who treads the winepress from
which flows the wine of the furious rage of ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], GOD
OF HEAVEN'S ARMIES. And on his robe and on his thigh he has a name
written: "KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS." -- Verses 6, 11-16, Jewish
YEHOVAH God the Father's future universal role
on earth in the form of the physical "Shekinah" presence is a major theme of
the Old Testament. Verse 6 above inaugurates YEHOVAH God the Father's Kingly
reign on earth -- although its establishment requires several stages: first
is the RETURN OF THE MESSIAH in Revelation 10:1-7, the separation of
YEHOVAH's true people (Revelation 11:1-2), the wedding feast of the Lamb
(the Messiah) in Revelation 19:7-9, climaxed by the RETURN OF YEHOVAH'S
SHEKINAH PRESENCE (Revelation 19:11-15); then Satan must be chained
(Revelation 20:1-3, 7-10) --
and only then does the Messiah actually rule as king and priest to his
Father who resides in the new Third Temple in the form of the "Shekinah"
presence (Revelation 20:4).
In order for the separation of YEHOVAH's people
and wedding feast of the Lamb (Yeshua) to take place, Yeshua must FIRST return
to this earth -- NOT afterwards as would be the case if Revelation 19
referred to the Messiah's return!
In Titus 2:13 we are encouraged "to expect the
blessed fulfillment of our CERTAIN HOPE, WHICH IS THE APPEARING OF THE
SH'KHINAH OF OUR GREAT GOD AND the
appearing of our Deliverer, Yeshua the Messiah" (Jewish New Testament).
Verses 11-16 of Revelation 19 describe this eagerly awaited (by the early
Christians) "Second Coming" of God's (YEHOVAH's) holy "Shekinah" -- NOT the
Second Coming of the Messiah as millions have blindly assumed!
The phrase "Faithful and True" in verse 11 has been
correctly capitalized in all the translations I have seen, and denotes the
ULTIMATE in faithfulness and truth -- which, of course, is YEHOVAH (YHVH) the
Father. In Jeremiah 10:10 we read: "But the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH] is the true God
[more correctly, "God of truth" -- Elohim
emet]; He is the living God and the everlasting King. At His wrath the earth
will tremble, and the nations will not be able to abide His indignation." The
"God of truth" in the above verse is not primarily the God who reveals eternal
verities, but the God who can be trusted to keep His covenant. The RETURN of the
"Shekinah" Glory will be the faithful REAPPEARANCE of Him who has already
appeared among men -- this time He comes to bring the covenant promises to their
final and full consummation.
In verses 12-13 of Revelation 19 we read -- "His
eyes were like a fiery flame, and on his head were MANY ROYAL CROWNS. And he
had a name written which no one knew but himself. He was wearing a robe that
had been soaked in blood,
and the name by which he is called is, 'THE
WORD OF GOD.'"
The phrase "The Word of God" is thought by many
to refer to Yeshua the Messiah -- and they try to link this phrase to the
"logos" of John 1:1. However, there is absolutely NO justification for doing
this. In fact, NOWHERE in the Bible does this phrase refer to Yeshua! In
most cases in the New Testament, "the word of God" refers to the message or
words revealed through the writings of the Old Testament or Torah. However,
and note this, there are a few passages in the Bible that indicate a DIRECT
communication from YEHOVAH, through the "Shekinah," took place. Notice I
Kings 12:22 --
But THE WORD OF GOD came
to Shemaiah, the man of God: "Say to King Rehoboam son of Solomon of
Judah, and to all the House of Judah and Benjamin and the rest of the people:
Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH]: You shall not set out to make war on your
kinsmen the Israelites. Let every man return to his home, for this thing
has beenbrought about by Me." They heeded THE WORD OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH]
and turned back, in accordance with THE WORD OF THE LORD [YEHOVAH,
YHVH]. -- The Tanakh.
Here "the word of God" is clearly identified
with "the word of the LORD [YEHOVAH]," showing
that "the word of God" is the SAME as "the word of the LORD" -- and is
certainly indicated to be the "Shekinah" of the LORD [YEHOVAH] communicating
Similarly, in I Chronicles 17, we read: "But
that same night THE WORD OF GOD came to Nathan: 'Go and say to My servant
David: Thus said the LORD [YEHOVAH], YHVH]: You are not the one to build a
house [Temple] for Me to dwell [shakan] in" (verses 3-4).
Once again, we find here that the phrase "THE
WORD OF GOD" is associated with YEHOVAH and indicates that He is
communicating to Nathan the prophet by means of His holy "Shekinah." In the
New Testament we read where "the word of God" came to John the Baptist --
Annas and Caiaphas being
high priests, THE WORD OF GOD came to John the son of Zacharias
in the wilderness. And he went into all the region around the Jordan,
preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins, as is
written in the book of the words of Isaiah
the prophet, saying:
"The voice of one crying in the
Prepare the way of the LORD [YEHOVAH, YHVH],
Make His paths straight.'"
Here we see that John the Baptist receives a
direct communication from YEHOVAH God which tells him to "prepare the way of
the LORD [YEHOVAH] -- thus linking the "word of God" with the One called
YEHOVAH or YHVH.
In Revelation 19:13 the phrase "The Word of God"
is capitalized in the original Greek, thereby indicating the Rider of the
white horse to be the physical "Shekinah" representation of YEHOVAH -- a
component of the same "force" that directly communicated with Shemaiah,
Nathan and John the Baptist.
In the first verses of the gospel of John in the
New Testament we can find confirmation that the "Word of God" is, in fact,
the Shekinah Glory of YEHOVAH. Since the publication of the King James
Version of the Bible in 1611 this, and almost all versions that have stemmed
from it, have attached the masculine
gender to the Greek
concept of the "Logos" to explain the presence of the Shekinah Glory at the
Creation. Unfortunately, due to this gender
change, and the modern Christian's lack of understanding of the
Logos concept in the environment of 1st. century Greek philosophy, most have
blindly taken the "Word" to mean a pre-existence of Yeshua the Messiah!
Nothing could be further from the truth!
Any one of the eight English translations of the
Bible prior to 1611 (the Tyndale
Bible (1535), the Matthew
Bible (1535), theTaverner
Bible (1539), the Great
(Cranmer's) Bible (1539),
the Whittingham Bible (1557),
the Geneva Bible (1560)
andBishop's Bible (1568))
assign no gender to the "Word" and simply call it "it," such as in John 1:3:
"By IT all
things were made. Without IT nothing
was made." The Coverdale
Bible (1550) has "THE
SAME" rather than "it." This seems like a strange way of referring to Yeshua
This is further reinforced by the Aramaic version
of the Bible -- where the first verses of the gospel of John leave little
doubt that the "Word" refers to YEHOVAH God's Shekinah Glory.
Verse 1: In
the beginning [of creation] there was the MANIFESTATION; and that
MANIFESTATION was with God [YEHOVAH]; and God [YEHOVAH] was [the embodiment
of] that MANIFESTATION.
Verse 2: This
[the MANIFESTATION] was in the beginning with God [YEHOVAH].
Verse 3: Everything
was within his [more correctly, IT'S] power, [otherwise] nothing would ever
Verse 4: Through
him [it, the MANIFESTATION] was life and life became the spark of humanity.
Verse 5: And
that [ensuing] fire [the MANIFESTATION] lights the darkness and darkness
does not overshadow it [the MANIFESTATION].
This article has shown that the Shekinah Glory
was the manifestation of YEHOVAH God the Father. If we replace the word
"Manifestation" with the words "Shekinah Glory" in these verses of John,
then we clearly see that "The Word of God" in Revelation 19:13 is none other
than YEHOVAH'S Shekinah Glory!
Verse 1: In
the beginning [of creation] there was the SHEKINAH GLORY; and that SHEKINAH
GLORY was with God [YEHOVAH]; and God [YEHOVAH] was [the embodiment
of] that SHEKINAH GLORY.
Verse 2: This
[the SHEKINAH GLORY] was in the beginning with God [YEHOVAH].
Verse 3: Everything
was within his [the SHEKINAH GLORY'S] power, [otherwise] nothing would
Verse 4: Through
him [it, the SHEKINAH GLORY] was life and life became the spark of humanity.
Verse 5: And
that [ensuing] fire [the SHEKINAH GLORY] lights the darkness and darkness does
not overshadow it [the SHEKINAH GLORY].
Of course, this is not to say that the
translation of the book of John in the King James Version -- and all those
that are based on it -- are wrong. It just means that we don't understand
the idiom of John's day and we get all confused with the Greek concept of
the Logos that John uses to get his point across. John nowhere indicates
that this "Word" or "Logos" is anything else but the Shekinah Glory of
Finally, in Revelation 1:2, "the Word of God" is
clearly separated from the Messiah -- notice!
This is the revelation
which God gave to Yeshua the Messiah, so that he could show his servants
what must happen very soon. He communicated it by sending his angel to
his servant Yochanan [John],
who bore witness to THE WORD OF GOD AND to
the testimony of Yeshua the
The next verse, verse 14 of Revelation 19,
states that "the ARMIES OF HEAVEN, clothed in fine linen, white and pure,
were following him [Adonai, YEHOVAH (see verse 6)] on white horses."
Throughout the New Testament the "armies of heaven" are ALWAYS associated
with, and are commanded by, ADONAI -- who, according to the plain words of
the apostle James is THE FATHER! "With it [the tongue] we bless ADONAI, THE
FATHER; and with it we curse people, who were made in the image of God"
(James 3:9) -- Jewish New
Testament. Further, in Ephesians 1:3, this is echoed when Paul says
-- "Praised be ADONAI, FATHER OF OUR LORD YESHUA THE MESSIAH..."
In Revelation 1:8 we find written: "I am the 'A'
and the 'Z' ('Alpha' and the 'Omega')," says ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], God of
HEAVEN'S ARMIES, the One [ADONAI] who is, who was AND WHO IS COMING." Again,
in Revelation 4:8: "Holy, holy, holy is ADONAI, GOD OF HEAVEN'S ARMIES, the
One who was, who is and who IS COMING." Also, in Revelation 11:16 -- "We
thank you, ADONAI [YEHOVAH, YHVH], GOD OF HEAVEN'S ARMIES, the One who is
and was, that you have taken your power [in the form of the "Shekinah"] AND
HAVE BEGUN TO RULE [ON EARTH AFTER HIS COMING IN REVELATION 19].
I don't wish to seem redundant, but the One on
the white horse leading the armies of heaven to this earth is YEHOVAH THE
FATHER in His "Shekinah" form -- NOT Yeshua the Messiah!
Moving now to verse 16 of Revelation 19, we read
-- "And on his robe and on his thigh he has a name written: 'KING OF KINGS
AND LORD OF LORDS.'" These titles denote the ultimate in praise that can be
bestowed and, therefore, must be titles of YEHOVAH the Father. Throughout
the New Testament Yeshua indicates that the Father was far GREATER than he
-- see John 14:28 for example. Also, if we examine the original Greek for
"King of kings and Lord of lords" we will quickly discover that the first
"King" and the first "Lord" in this title both start with upper case letters
-- showing Him to be the ULTIMATE "King" of all kings and the ULTIMATE
"Lord" of all lords.
Some argue that the Lamb (Yeshua) depicted in
Revelation 17:14 also has these titles and must, as a result, be the Rider
of the horse represented in Revelation 19. But, once again, if we closely
examine the original Greek we will first of all find that the title is
REVERSED from that in Revelation 19 and reads instead "lord of lords and
king of kings." Then we will notice that the first "lord" and the first
"king" of the title are lower case in the Greek -- showing that Yeshua was
(as pictured here in Revelation 17:14) NOT the ultimate "lord of lords" or
the ultimate "king of kings." He is a LOWER "lord of lords" and "king of
kings," which entirely agrees with Yeshua's statement that his Father was
greater than he.
The title in Revelation 19:16 expresses YEHOVAH
(YHVH) THE FATHER'S rulership over all creation and all the kings and lords
therein. It is equivalent to the phrase "King of kings of kings" which the
Jewish Siddur (prayer book) applies to YHVH in this song which introduces
the Sabbath in many Jewish homes --
ministering angels, messengers from the Most High, from
the King of kings of kings, the HOLY ONE, blessed be he. Come
in peace....bless me with peace,...go in peace...." (Jewish
Commentary, p. 840).
When we add all these proofs up, the clear and
astounding TRUTH is that Revelation 19 pictures the glorious RETURN OF
YEHOVAH GOD'S "SHEKINAH" PRESENCE to this earth to rule, with the Messiah
directly under Him, from the new Third Temple in Jerusalem. May YEHOVAH
hasten that day!
The Second Coming of Yeshua
So, what of the return of Yeshua? If Revelation
19 depicts the "Shekinah" returning to this earth, do the Scriptures
elsewhere record the future event of the Messiah's Second Coming? They
surely do -- in Revelation 10:1-7. Notice!
Then I saw another mighty
angel coming down from heaven. HE WAS DRESSED IN A CLOUD, with a RAINBOW
over his head; his face was LIKE THE SUN, his legs like columns of fire;
and he had a little scroll lying open in his hand. He planted his right
foot ON THE SEA and his left foot ON THE LAND, and shouted in a voice as
loud as THE ROAR OF A LION; and when he shouted, seven thunderclaps
sounded with voices that spoke. When the seven thunders spoke, I was
about to write; but I heard a voice from heaven say,
"Seal up the things the seven
do not write them down!"
Then the angel I saw
standing on the sea and on the land lifted his right hand toward heaven
and swore by the One who lives forever and ever, who created heaven and
what is in it, earth and what is in it, and the sea and what is in it:
THERE WILL BE NO MORE DELAY; on the contrary, in the days of the sound
from the seventh angel when he sounds his shofar [trumpet], THE HIDDEN
PLAN OF GOD WILL BE BROUGHT TO COMPLETION, the Good News as he
proclaimed it to his servants the prophets.
This passage pictures the return of Christ --
NOT Revelation 19! The book of Acts in the New Testament verifies this, if
we care to read it carefully:
And after he [Christ]
said these things, while they [the apostles] were looking on, he was lifted
up and A CLOUD CAUGHT HIM UP FROM THEIR VISION. And as they were gazing
into the sky while he was on his way, also, look! two men in white
garments stood alongside
them, and they said: "Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into the
sky? This Jesus who was
received up from you into the sky WILL COME THUS IN THE SAME MANNER AS
YOU HAVE BEHELD HIM GOING INTO THE SKY (The Kingdom Interlinear
Translation of the Greek Scriptures).
Now HOW did Christ go up into the sky? Was He on
a white horse? No! Did He have the armies of heaven with Him? No! Was His
robe soaked in blood and was He wearing MANY crowns? No! The simple truth is
that "a cloud caught Him up from their [the Apostles] vision" as He was
lifted up into the sky, and Revelation 10:1-7 shows Him RETURNING THE EXACT
SAME WAY with one difference -- this time He is wearing the crown of
Daniel 7:13 records Yeshua receiving this crown
of rulership -- notice:
I was watching in the
night visions, and behold, One like the Son of Man [Yeshua], coming WITH
THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN! He came to the Ancient of Days [YEHOVAH, YHVH],
and they brought Him near before Him. Then to Him [Yeshua] was given
DOMINION AND GLORY AND A KINGDOM, that all peoples, nations, and
languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion,
which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be
This vision belongs to the period of the sixth
trumpet -- as appears by two facts:
ending of the period of the sixth trumpet is clearly marked by the words of
Chapter 11:14, "The second woe has passed; see, the third woe is coming
Angel of this vision speaks of "the days of the sound from the seventh angel
when he sounds his shofar [trumpet]," as being future at
that time, which makes it certain that this vision was in the era of the sixth trumpet.
It is important to understand this.
This mighty Angel is a symbolic representation
of Yeshua the Messiah himself. For everything that is said to characterize
this Angel could only pertain to Yeshua. Not only that, but the very actions of
the Angel belong only to Yeshua. Notes Dr. Hengstenberg: "The planting of
the right foot on the sea, and the other on the earth, as certainly belongs
to Christ alone, as it is to Him and not to any angel that God has put in
subjection the world to come (Hebrews 2:5)."
Author Vitringa asks: "Does the hope of God's
people rest on the oath of a created angel? Is it the part of a created
angel to swear that the words of prophecy and promise shall be fulfilled?
Surely if their hope is to stand unmoved, it can be sustained only by the
faithfulness and oath of that very person [Yeshua] to whose nature failure
is not an incident."
The appearance of this Angel, the stand that he
takes -- and particularly the words of the oath that he swears -- testify
greatly to the surpassing
importance of what is to
happen in the days of the voice of the seventh angel.
In his hand was a "little scroll
lying open." These words
suggest a comparison with the relatively great scroll of Revelation 5:1
-- which was completely sealed.
This leads to the conclusion that the "little scroll" contains some special
part of the counsel of YEHOVAH, which Yeshua, the one who is invested with
supreme authority, is responsible to carry into effect. This agrees with two
facts in the immediate context:
having eaten the little scroll, is told that he must prophesy again.
now comes into view another sphere or scenario, different from that of the
preceding visions, namely the scenario that is symbolized by "the temple of
The other scenes had to do with the world and
the nations at large; and in viewing them we might wonder how things fare
with the people of YEHOVAH in
those times? This question is answered in Revelation 11:1-13, which clearly
shows, upon comparison of the concluding verses of Chapter 9 ("and the rest
of the men repented not") with verse 13 of Chapter 11, ("and the rest were
affrighted and gave glory to the God of heaven"), that the two scenes are
parallel in time -- differing only regarding the theaters in which they take
The first item of description of this mighty
Angel is that he is "dressed in a cloud." "He is," records the book Then
is Finished the Mystery of God, "here described as being 'arrayed
with a cloud,' wrapped in a cloud. Cloud
is a feature associated with the glorified Jesus Christ, as in
Revelation 1:7, where John writes of him, saying: 'Look! He is coming with
the clouds, and every eye will see him, and those who pierced him; and all
the tribes of the earth will beat themselves in grief because of him. Yes,
Amen.' (Compare Daniel 7:13; Matthew 24:30, 31; 1 Thessalonians 4:17)"
(1969: P. 249).
The very next descriptive item in the vision is
such as to remove all fear from those who are truly his. For we read he had
"a rainbow over his head." Notes Then
is Finished the Mystery of God --
"The rainbow that was 'upon his head' suggests that he is a special
representative of Jehovah, 'the God of peace,' for the apostle John had seen
in his earlier vision of the enthroned Jehovah God that 'round about the
throne there is a rainbow like an emerald in appearance.' (Revelation 4:3;
compare Ezekiel 1:28). After the...flood of the prophet Noah's day the
rainbow that Jehovah God caused to appear in the cloud betokened peace after
storm and that His covenant toward mankind is peaceful, barring another
inundation of the...earth with water. (Genesis 9:8-17; Isaiah 54:9) How
appropriate, then, for a rainbow to be upon the head of the 'strong angel'
who pictures Jesus Christ, inasmuch as he was foretold to become 'Prince of
Peace.' -- Isaiah 9:6, 7" (1969: Pps. 249-250).
Also, this rainbow on Yeshua's head represents
the faithful witness of covenant mercy and protection to his own -- the
saints -- in the business he is about to undertake. That business, clearly
defined in Revelation 11, is that of the separation of
those who are really his own from the great mass of professing disciples.
is Finished the Mystery of God --
As regards this "strong
angel," the fact that "his face was as the sun" corresponds with what
the apostle John says concerning his earlier vision of Jesus Christ at
the divine temple, that "his countenance was as the sun when it shines
in its power." (Revelation 1:16) This may have reminded John of when he
saw Jesus transfigured on a "lofty mountain" in the
Middle East, that "his face shone as the sun, and his outer garments
became brilliant as the light." (Matthew 17:1, 2)....Here in this vision
of the "strong angel" we see a happy combination of cloud, sun and
rainbow (1969: P. 250).
The planting of the feet, which are likened to
pillars of fire, one on the sea (the masses of people and nations in
general), and one on the earth, signifies the worldwide scope of his
business -- and also the immovable steadfastness of his purpose to
accomplish it. We find, in Then
is Finished the Mystery of God, the following --
So John could say of the
"strong angel" that "his feet were as fiery pillars." The angel's feet
were glorious as well as his head, just as in the vision of Revelation
1:14, 15. What ever would come under his power, control and authority
would come, as it were, under glorious feet, sturdy like pillars, no
more to be tampered with than fire is. If the "sea" upon which he set
his right foot was the Aegean Sea in which the Isle of Patmos lay, and
the "earth" upon which he set his left foot was the nearby land of Asia
Minor, then the "strong angel" was facing southward. Or, if the sea and
earth were, so to speak, the Mediterranean Sea and ancient Palestine, he
would still be facing south. This
would picture how the whole earth, its seas and dry land, have now been
put under the feet of the glorified Jesus Christ, that is to say,
have been put in subjection to him by the Almighty God Jehovah.
The fish of the sea and the living creatures on the dry land, including
the birds who roost at the earth, are now all subject to the
resurrected, glorified heavenly Jesus Christ. (Hebrews 2:5-9; Psalm
8:4-8) (1969: Pps. 250-251).
It is further said of the angel that he "shouted
in a voice as loud as the roar of a lion;" and that "when he shouted, seven
thunderclaps sounded with voices that spoke." This recalls the fact that
Yeshua was called "the lion that is of the tribe of Judah" (Revelation 5:5)
-- the glorified Messiah now clothed with kingly power in the heavens,
awaiting his return to this earth.
John Ritenbaugh summarizes this in "Seven Thunders" from the
it cannot be anyone else.
Who is the "angel" holding this book in his hand, who
stands on the sea and on the land? It is none other than Jesus Christ.
The symbolism of verse 1 proves
went up in a cloud?]
And a rainbow was on his head, his face was like the sun [Whose
face is like the sun?],
and his feet like pillars of fire. He had a little book open in his
hand. And he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the
land, and cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars. [Who
is the lion of the tribe of Judah?]
When he cried out, seven thunders uttered their voices."
"I saw still another mighty angel coming down from
heaven, clothed with a cloud. [
In verses 5 through 7 Yeshua the Messiah swears
by his Father YEHOVAH God, and thereby assuring the apostle John and all
fellow Christian down till our time today, that there will be no
further delay on YEHOVAH's
The original word here translated "delay" is the
Greek word khronos, which
simply means "time" in an indefinite sense, so that the Authorized or King
James Version Bible of 1611 rendered the phrase: "There should be time no
longer." This does not, of course, mean that time, which figures as a
"fourth dimension" in Albert Einstein's relativity theory, would be no more.
Rather, it means that there should be no
further grant of time, in other words -- no
more "delay" regarding the
Why did this reference to "delay" come up for
comment by the Messiah in this vision? It was in answer to the question,
raised by the martyred Christian souls after the Lamb (Yeshua) opened the
fifth seal of YEHOVAH's scroll: "They cried out in a loud voice, 'Sovereign
Ruler, HaKadosh, the True One, how
long will it be before you judge the people living on earth and avenge our
blood?'" (Revelation 6:9, 10).
Without a doubt the apostle John saw the
likeness in many respects between this vision and that of the prophet Daniel
of the sixth century B.C., who wrote: "Then I heard the man clothed in
linen, who was above the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand
and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him [YEHOVAH God] who lives
forever, that it shall be for a time, times, and half a time; and when the
power of the holy people has been completely shattered, all these things
shall be finished" (Daniel 12:7).
The features as noted about this "angel" in the
vision of Revelation 10 combine to clearly indicate that he represents or
stands for the glorified Yeshua the Messiah returning to this earth to take
up the reigns of government and to prepare the way for the return of his
Father YEHOVAH God -- as recorded by John in Revelation 19.
What About Revelation 14?
At the beginning of this article I stated that I
originally believed Revelation 14 referred to the return of Yeshua. With the
new understanding that Revelation 10:1-7 pictures the return of the Messiah
-- what about Revelation 14?
Then I looked, and there
before me was a WHITE CLOUD. Sitting on the cloud was some
one like a Son of Man with
a GOLD CROWN on his head and
a sharp sickle in
his hand. Another angel came out of the Temple and shouted to the one
sitting on the cloud, "Start using your sickle to reap, because the
time to reap has come --
the earth's harvest is ripe! The one sitting on the cloud swung his
sickle over the earth, and the earth was harvested (Revelation
Comments Howard B. Rand --
John's description of
the Son of man reminds us of the significance attached to the
constellation Bootes which depicts the Coming
One, a MAN with a sickle in his hand. The Psalmist refers to
this constellation which means "He Cometh." "For he cometh, for he
cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world in
righteousness, and the people with his truth." (Ps. 96:13).
Job also refers to
this constellation, naming it Arcturus, after the name of one of the
bright stars which today bears that name and which also means "He
Cometh." (Job 9:9.) (A Study in Revelation, page 216).
The meaning of this vision is very plain in the
light of the Messiah's parable of the tares of the field in Matthew
Yeshua put before them
another parable. "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good
seed in his field; but while people were sleeping, his enemy came and
sowed weeds among the wheat, then went away. When the wheat sprouted and
formed heads of grain, the weeds also appeared. The owner's servants
came to him and said, 'Sir, didn't you sow good seed in your field?
Where have the weeds come from?' He answered, 'An enemy has done this.'
The servants asked him, 'Then do you want us to go and pull them up?'
But he said, 'No, because if you pull up the weeds, you might uproot
some of the wheat at the same time. Let them both grow together until
the harvest; and at harvest-time I will tell the reapers to collect the
weeds first and tie them in bundles
to be burned, but to gather
the wheat into my barn'" (Matthew 13:24-30).
In Matthew 13:36-43, Yeshua goes on to explain
the parable to his disciples --
Then he left the crowds
and went into the house. His talmidim [disciples] approached him and
said, "Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field." He
answered, "The one who sows the good seed is the Son
of Man; the field is the
world. As for the good seed, these are the
people who belong to the Kingdom; and the weeds are the
people who belong to the Evil One [Satan].
The enemy who sows them is the Adversary [Satan], the
harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.
Just as the weeds are collected and burned up in the fire, so will it be
at the end of the age. The Son of Man will send
forth his angels, and they will collect out of his Kingdom all the
things that cause people to sin and all the people who are far from Torah;
and they will throw them into the fiery furnace, where people will wail
and grind their teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun
in the KINGDOM OF THEIR FATHER. Whoever has ears, let him hear!
This parable begins with these words: "The
Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field..." This is
Yeshua's own picture of the kingdom of heaven as it was to be down to "the
end of the age" (verse 39). The event that this parable gives prominence to
is Satan's activity in sowing tares or weeds, "the people who belong to the
Evil One," among the wheat, "the people who belong to the Kingdom"; and that
he is allowed to do so without any hindrance. But what mainly concerns us at
this juncture is the harvest.
...the harvest is at the
end of the age, and the harvesters are angels. Just as the weeds are
collected and burned up in the fire, so will it be at the end of the
age. The Son of Man [see Revelation 14:14] will send forth his angels,
and they will collect out of his Kingdom all the things that cause
people to sin and all the people who are far from Torah; and they will
throw them into the fiery furnace, where people will wail and grind
their teeth. Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the
Kingdom of their Father.
The vision in Revelation 14:14-16 agrees so
closely with this description of the harvest at the end of the age, that it
is unnecessary to point out the resemblances! The designation of Yeshua as
the "Son of Man" -- which occurs in only one other place in the Book of
Revelation (1:13) -- is clearly intended to direct attention to the parable.
In Yeshua's explanation of the parable he tells of the separation of the
tares or weeds from the wheat just
before the reaping takes place.
"The Son of Man," writes Howard B. Rand, "as a
reaper of the earth, is pictured by John as thrusting in His sickle to reap,
for the harvest is ripe" (A Study in Revelation, page 216) --
This is a graphic picture
of the in-gathering of the "Firstfruits" of the earth before the vines
are cast into the winepress of God's wrath. Is this scene the one to
which Malachi refers when he speaks of certain
ones that are to be
spared? Speaking through this prophet the Lord has said of a few, "I
will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him." (Mal.
3:17.) The statement then follows, "Then shall ye return, and discern
between the righteous and the wicked, between him that serveth God and
him that serveth him not (ibid., pps. 216-217).
We have seen that such a work of separation is
indicated as taking place just before the blowing of the seventh trumpet
(shofar), see Revelation 11:1, 2. The separation is then followed by the
taking away of YEHOVAH's witnesses "in a cloud," -- which corresponds with
the reaping of the earth in the vision and the gathering of the wheat into
the barn in the parable (Matthew 13:30). In Revelation 14 the separation
again appears conspicuously, in that the judgment upon the wicked who are
left (the tares of the parable, which are bound in bundles ready to be
burned) is shown in a separate
vision, that of the vintage and winepress.
That the Son of Man, as seen in this vision, has
on his head a GOLDEN CROWN indicates clearly that he is come in the
character of king. This agrees with the parable of the nobleman who as to go
into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return -- Luke
19:12. The coming of the Son of Man to reap the harvest of the earth can
only mean the coming of Yeshua described in 1 Corinthians 15:52 and 1
We now read in Revelation 14:17-19:
Another angel came out of
the Temple in heaven, and he too had a sharp sickle. Then out from the
altar went yet another angel, who
was in charge of the fire; and he called in a loud voice to the one
with the sharp sickle, "Use your sharp sickle, and gather the clusters
of grapes from the earth's vine, because they are ripe! The angel swung
his sickle down onto the earth, gathered the earth's grapes and threw
them into the great winepress of God's
fury. The wine press was trodden outside the city, and blood flowed from
the winepress as high as the horses' bridles for two hundred miles!
The angel who executes this judgment comes out
from the altar, and he has power over fire.
This brings to mind the vision of Revelation 8:1-5, which occurs immediately
after the opening of the seventh seal. There an angel is seen standing at
the altar who, after offering up the prayers of the saints, adds incense and
takes fire from
the altar and casts it upon the earth. Then, in the voices, thunderings,
lightnings and earthquake, there were threatenings of judgments about to
fall upon the earth. This plainly agrees with the scene now before us, in
which the vine of the earth is removed altogether -- root and branch -- and
is cast into the "great winepress of God's fury." This scene represents a
work of judgment -- thorough and complete.
The winepress is said to be located "outside the
city." This can be understood in the light of Revelation 22:15 where,
speaking of the heavenly city, it is said, "outside are the homosexuals,
those who misuse drugs in connection with the occult, the sexually immoral,
murderers, idol-worshippers, and everyone who loves and practices falsehood"
(Jewish New Testament). In other words, nothing that is
unclean or defiling is to enter into that city.
YEHOVAH God the Father is the treader of the
winepress of His wrath. Notice Isaiah 63:1-4:
Who is this coming from
Edom, from Bozrah with his
garments stained crimson? Who is this robed in such splendor,
marching in his great strength? It is I, announcing vindication, mighty
to save. Why are your robes
red, and your garments like theirs who tread the winepress? I
have trodden the winepress alone, and from my people no one was with me,
and I have stained all
my clothing. For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and the
year for my redeeming work had come. (The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible).
We are told that when this "great" winepress is
trodden, blood flows out of it in a stream of such volume that it rose even
to the horses' bridles -- and for a length of two hundred miles. The mention
of the horses' bridles connects this scene with Revelation 19:11-16, where
YEHOVAH God appears mounted upon a white horse, clothed in a garment dipped
in blood; and followed by the armies of heaven, also mounted on white
The Far Greater Hope
For centuries Christians -- and even the
Churches of YEHOVAH God -- have been thoroughly confused over the two events
pictured in Revelation 10 and 19, and placed their hope and expectations and
yearnings on the return of Yeshua the Messiah while relegating YEHOVAH
(YHVH) and His return to the dust bin! While the return of the Messiah is
not to be minimized -- the FAR GREATER, earthshaking, awesome mind-reeling
event is that of the "SHEKINAH" GLORY RETURNING TO THIS EARTH to reside and
rule from the Temple in Jerusalem! THIS is the event pictured in Revelation
19! All the prophets of the Old Testament clearly predicted a visible,
awesome, literal manifestation of the "Shekinah" Glory of YEHOVAH once again
-- this we see in Revelation 19.
Much too often Christians have allowed
themselves to hastily read through the texts, all the while ASSUMING that
when the prophets write of YEHOVAH Himself acting in decisive ways, they
actually refer to His Messiah. How often have you heard preachers and
ministers say that "when Jesus returns, his feet will stand on the Mount of
Olives." Unfortunately, this is CARELESS AND UNSCHOLARLY exegesis. As you
can plainly see, after reading all the texts I have laid out, the prophets
ALWAYS maintain a CLEAR DISTINCTION between the DRAMATIC APPEARANCE of the
LORD God (YHVH) in Revelation 19 and the coming of the Messiah in Revelation
10:1-7, and His subsequent rule UNDER YEHOVAH.
The prophets understood this dramatic, personal
intervention of YEHOVAH in history as a RETURN or "Second Coming." We read
in Haggai that YEHOVAH declares: "ONCE MORE in a little while, I am going to
shake the heavens and the earth, the sea also and the dry land" (2:6).
Isaiah clearly yearns for this time to arrive:
Oh, that You would rend
the heavens and COME DOWN, that the mountains might quake at Your
["Shekinah"] PRESENCE -- as fire kindles the brushwood, as fire causes
water to boil -- to make Your name known to Thine adversaries, that the
nations may tremble at Your Presence! When You did awesome things which
we did not expect, YOU DID COME DOWN, the mountains quaked at Thy
["Shekinah"] presence. For from of old they have not heard nor perceived
by ear, neither has the eye seen a God besides You, who acts in behalf
of the one WHO WAITS FOR HIM (Isaiah 64:1-4).
Also, in Isaiah 24, the prophet proclaims --
Behold, YEHOVAH lays the
earth waste, devastates it, distorts its surface, and scatters its inhabitants...They
raise their voices, they shout for joy. They cry out from the west
concerning the majesty of YEHOVAH. Therefore glorify YEHOVAH in the
east, the name of YEHOVAH, the God of Israel in the coastlands of the
sea...So it will happen IN THAT DAY,
that YEHOVAH will punish the host of heaven, on high, and the kings of
the earth, ON EARTH...Then the moon will be abashed and the sun ashamed,
FOR YEHOVAH OF HOSTS WILL REIGN ON MOUNT ZION AND IN JERUSALEM, and His
glory ["Shekinah" presence] will be before His elders...For behold,
YEHOVAH IS ABOUT TO COME OUT FROM HIS PLACE to punish the inhabitants of
the earth for their iniquity; and the earth will reveal her bloodshed,
and will no longer cover her slain (Isaiah 24, selected verses).
The prophets were thinking back to the time of
Moses and the unprecedented events at Mount Sinai, when YEHOVAH God
dramatically judged the nation of Egypt and freed the Israelites from
slavery. There, at Mt. Sinai, all Israel experienced the awesome, visible,
dramatic, manifestation of the Presence (literally, "face") and GLORY OF
Explains James Tabor, "The Torah is most explicit regarding this
unprecedented experience. Nothing like this had ever happened before, or has
happened since. YEHOVAH Himself appeared to the people in a fiery cloud-like
pillar; they actually heard His voice and saw His Glory (Exodus 19:18-19;
20:18-21; 40:34-38; Numbers 14:14). The very purpose of the Tabernacle
(literally, "dwelling place") was to provide a locus for this extraordinary
manifestation of YEHOVAH" (The LORD (YHVH) God and His Messiah).
We have seen Ezekiel report that this Presence
("Glory") of YEHOVAH departed shortly before the Exile. Ezekiel understood
this in the most LITERAL way -- actually describing the cloud-like
"Shekinah" moving through the Eastern Gate of Jerusalem, up the Mount of
Olives, and away (Ezekiel 10:18-19; 11:22-23). In Deuteronomy 31:17 this
"departure" is called the "hiding of the Face of YEHOVAH." To fully
understand this teaching of Scripture, I have endeavored to show the
DISTINCTION between the general presence of God (which is always with His
creation) and this VERY SPECIFIC, literal, awesome, visible, manifestation
of the Divine Glory or "Shekinah."
In that sense YEHOVAH departed from this planet,
and in that sense all the prophets (including John) tell of His return. In
other words, they clearly point to and predict a visible, earthshaking,
LITERAL, manifestation of the holy "Shekinah" (Glory of YEHOVAH) once again.
For the righteous this will bring great rejoicing, but for all the wicked
this will cause terror and the fear of judgment.
I have also tried to point out that the
Scriptures show a definite focus on the EAST. On the EAST side of Jerusalem
is the EASTERN gate of the Temple Mount, and EAST of that gate -- the Mount
of Olives. From this sacred area the holy "Shekinah" (Glory of YEHOVAH)
departed, and it is HERE that it will return. This clearly connects to the
passage in Zechariah that predicts "on that day His feet will stand on the
Mount of Olives" (14:4).
This area -- EAST from the Temple Mount and
including the Mount of Olives -- is evidently the El Bethel (not the
northern town of Bethel) where the patriarch Jacob had his vision of the
ladder going up to heaven. He identified this place as awesome and sacred,
and none other than the portal or "gate of heaven." Evidently Jacob was
lying on the Temple Mount area and facing EAST, looking in his dream at the
summit of the Mount of Olives (Genesis 28:17; 35:5-8).
YEHOVAH the Father Himself will return to Zion
in His Shekinah glory -- acting personally and directly to punish the wicked
and rule as King over all nations. This is the day pictured in Revelation 19
-- that we should be waiting for with increasing expectations and
excitement. Let's retrieve YEHOVAH GOD from the dust bin and give Him His
rightful place in the scheme of things, as well as the greater praise and
adoration that is His due -- not forgetting to stay awake for the earlier
return of His first-born Son and Servant, Yeshua the Messiah!
Israel Ministries --
Preparing the Way for the Return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah!
Hope of Israel Ministries
P.O. Box 2186
Temple City, CA 91780, U.S.A.
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