Hope of Israel Ministries (Ecclesia of YEHOVAH):

Gathering of the Tribes -- Including Simeon

Most striking of the entire westward movement of the Children of Israel is the fact that though these tribes were finally assembled in the British Isles their kin were left residing all the way from the Dniester-Vistula line to the Atlantic Ocean, i.e. western Europe has been made predominantly Israelite -- and must now be looked upon as the present home of the Children of Israel, inclusive of course of Canada and the United States and other nations of the western hemisphere.

by Dr. William J. Hale

In 598 B.C. the first Cimmerian Division proceeded up the Danube Valley and settled in northwestern Europe as Senones, Brythons and Lloegrwys, initially at the upper course of river Seine but later between the Seine and Rhine. The Celts had preceded them and had directed their journey more in a southwestern direction to meet up with kindred from Spain.

By 400 B.C. a contingent of Senones undertook a southern campaign, crossing the Alps and founding the city of Sena on the Adriatic. The early Romans who opposed them were defeated in 390 B.C. by these same Senones (called Galli (Gauls) by the Romans) and in short order these Senones laid Rome in ashes. By 279 B.C. the greater part of the Senones had proceeded as far east as Greece and over into Galatia in Asia Minor where they slew Antiochus in 261 B.C. Following this escapade they returned into Scythia and were absorbed by the Skolotoi. Some of these Senones, however, remained in Galatia. Years afterwards Saint Paul (56 A.D.) addressed an epistle to them as Galatians -- but in truth they were Senones and originally of the tribe of Simeon. By 250 B.C. most of the Lloegrwys were in Gwasgwyn (Gascony in southwest France) and the Brythons were in Brittany in northwest France.

The Senones that participated not in this Roman march but remained in the Seine Valley became known as the Belgae. The term Belgae had its origin in the word "Belg" a Celtic term for a leather quiver they always carried. In Caesar's time all Celts north of the Seine were called Belgae. In 104 B.C. the Belgae joined in a Belgo-Celtic confederacy whose purpose it was to check the encroachments of oncoming Cimbri then migrating westward. Eventually, about 100 B.C. these Senones migrated to Albion (England) and a little later the Lloegrwys and Brythons followed this migration into England. The Lloegrwys took up residence in the southern part of England, called Lloegr (by the Welsh Bards). In Britain these Belgae met up with kindred people of Phoeno-Canaanitic origin.

The second Cimmerian division, as previously stated, had journeyed south and then crossed the Bosphorus to the east into Asia Minor, remaining for a short time in Lydia and then entering Bithynia. From this locale the oncoming Senones, in their eastern lunge in 278 B.C. into Asia Minor, served to drive this second line of Cimmerians and Teut worshippers of Bithynia (Teutons) still farther to the east -- only to amalgamate with Iberians at eastern end of Black Sea and return into Europe through the Crimea as Cimbri. [1]

After some twelve years of constant warfare the Cimbri, by 101 B.C., struck out north to Chersonesus Cimbrica, a name originating with them and referring to the peninsula of Jutland or present-day Denmark. At this point their name underwent an odd change. Since in the course of their journey through the Crimea they had come closely in contact with many Sarmatians resident in the valley of the lower Don, and since these Sarmatians worshipped a Vedic deity called "Picken," symbolic of thunder and rain, these Cimbri, on their own part, adopted this religion with the end that they actually acquired the name of Pik-Thiod or Pikar or Pfichti or Phichts.

In earliest time Scotland was peopled in the north by Caledonians of Turanian origin and also by Maiatai, less civilized and painted; hence the name Picts for these latter. Certain of the Cymri-Senones who had crossed the channel into England traveled farther north into Scotland and then southwesterly into the north of Ireland (Uladh) where they were allowed to settle in north part of Antrim County which settlement they named Dalriada. This settlement was almost wholly of the tribe of Simeon. Indeed in Uladh this group took the name of Tuatha Semown. In Gadhel County a portion of these Cymric Dalriads acquired the name of Gadhel or Gaidheil (pronounced Gael), and later changed into the name Skuit.

By this time the Cimbri, under name of Phicht-Jaid or Pfichti or Phichts, had arrived from Jutland; their settlement was made just north of the Forth on the east coast of Scotland thereby driving the Caledonians and Maiatai far to the north and generally exterminating the greater portion of these wild tribes.

The Phichts in turn overflowed west and south into Uladh settling in South Antrim and North Down counties, and, in the manner of their kindred the Senones, they took the name of Gadhel for themselves, but in their idiom it was spelled Gwyddyl. With them was introduced another name Sguit which in turn was adopted by the Dalriads of North Antrim in the form of Skuit; later, of course, it became Scot. Ireland or Erin soon became known as Scotia retaining this name till the 10th Century A.D.

The original Cimbric of Phichtish language was closely akin to the Cymric. "Ard" meant "High" and "Gall" meant "low." Thus the Dalriada were called "Ard Gaidheil" or Highland Gael or Argyle; and that part of southwest Albyn, i.e. Scotland, of the Gall-Gaidheil or Gall-Gwyddyl was known as Galloway. In general the Cimbric speech was softer than the more harsh Cymric. The greater numbers of the Cimbri forced an overflow back to the southeast and into Albion (England) as far south as the Mersey extending even into Yorkshire; even here the northwestern section of England, years afterwards, took the Cimbric name of Cumbria, i.e. Cumberland. They also settled in Wales. The amalgamation of Cimbri with the Cymri gave rise to the early Briton from which the Welsh are the present-day descendants.

As the term "Scotia" died out it was replaced by "Erin," but the name was retained for "Albyn" which became modern Scotland. Not till 1611 A.D. did the Scotch return to north of Ireland to establish Ulster. The South of Ireland had been continuously held in the hands of the Celts.

The arrival from Jutland of the Goetar secured for them .a position in the east of Scotland where they became known as Scoto-Saxon. When Caesar (55 B.C.) arrived in England he was opposed specifically by the Cymri. Expeditions as late as 84 A.D. were led against the wild Caledonians by Agricola, and as late as 139 A.D. Lollus Urbicus erected a great wall against the northern tribes between the Forth and Clyde.

The Romans withdrew from Britain at beginning of 5th Century A.D., having barely contacted the Gaelic or Scotch people. In fact the Romans knew little of the Cymri as their walls were erected more particularly against the Cimbri or Phichts, even as late as 407 A.D. In 410 A.D. all Britain was given freedom, Roman legions departing in 409 A.D. Following this date the Senones and Brythons assisted the Cimbri (Phichts) in assaulting all Roman centers. Thereby the northwestern countries of England became predominantly Cimbric while the south became more Cymric.

In 498 A.D. the Scots of Gaidheil, with a colony of Dalriads, landed in the western highlands of Scotland. In A.D. 726 Alpin was king of the Phichts. He was expelled by his uncle Angus and repaired at once to the west with the Scots. In 843 A.D. Kenneth McAlpin became king of the Scots and Phichts and all became Scots.

The historians Strabo (54 B.C.-24 A.D.); Pliny (23-79 A.D.); Tacitus (61-117 A.D.) and Ptolemy (139-161 A.D.) all affirm that the chief settlements in northwestern Europe prior to the Christian Era included the following: The Goetar (called by Tacitus the Suiones) in Sweden and Zeeland and the Island of Gotland; the Prussians made up of Teutones and Borussi in northeast Germany; the Saxons between the Elbe and the Eyder; the Cherusci and Fosi in the upper Elbe country; the Frisii in the maritime region of the Rhine; and the Angles in Schleswig-Holstein.

Following the departure of the Roman legions the British were sorely pressed in fighting off the northern tribes hence decided to invite the Saxons to come to their aid. The Saxons under their leaders Hengist and Horsa accepted and arrived in 449 A.D. in three ships. Upon successful termination of conflict the Saxons were awarded the whole of Kent just south of the lower Thames river. Hereby Kent became the first Saxon Kingdom in Britain in 454 A.D. Their kindred, the Angles, Frisians and Jutes soon followed; and the Anglican Kingdom of Mercia was founded in 586 A.D. [2]

In A.D. 813 the Northmen of Norway in 13 large ships attacked the coast of Flanders. Their leader was Rollo, known far and wide as a pirate. These North-men extorted from the King of France full ownership in the Province of Normandy, and by 912 A.D. were settled in Rouen. As Normans they at once adopted the Christian religion and actually had themselves baptized as Catholics. The fear that attended the word Goth made it necessary for the Normans, who included many of the descendants from that Gothic horde that had been driven out of Italy, as well as many Dacians who had entered Norway earlier, to conceal all trace of origin -- hence the wholesale baptism; otherwise the Papacy then in power would have decreed their total annihilation. Furthermore, all their records in Rouen of this date were purposely destroyed.

Eventually the might of the Normans attained striking power and in 1066 A.D. William the Conqueror with his Normans and with the descendants of the Gymric settlers in Normandy (descendants of British youth who in A.D. 383 followed Maximus from Britain into Gaul) crossed the Channel to England. Thus the Viking Benjamin tribe made its entry into England.

Great Britain now held the ten tribes of Israel, apportioned between Scotland, Ireland and England. The tribes of Judah and Levi to some extent had already affiliated themselves likewise with the other tribes. But most striking of the entire westward movement of the Children of Israel is the fact that though these tribes were finally assembled in the British Isles their kin were left residing all the way from the Dniester-Vistula line to the Atlantic Ocean, i.e. western Europe has been made predominantly Israelite -- and must now be looked upon as the present home of the Children of Israel, inclusive of course of Canada and the United States and other nations of the western hemisphere.

In summation we now observe how Israel came to rule over Britain, when the Prophet Isaiah proclaimed that Israel will rise again and that nothing shall prevail against them. (Isaiah 27:6, 13; 54:17).

The restoration of Israel and Judah to the land of their inheritance is likewise for-ordained by an all-seeing Providence.

"In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel, and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers" (Jeremiah 3:18).

The prophecies of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Hosea, Amos and Zachariah all set forth the manner of this fulfillment. [3]

In the New Testament (Hebrews 8) the Houses of Israel and Judah are together promised redemption. The prophets foretell that the House of Ephraim-Israel shall be a mighty nation and a company of nations of immense wealth and prosperity in the islands of the sea, as is Great Britain. The House of Manasseh-Israel is also to be a great people as is the United States of America; both to be unconquerable and are to be known "as the seed whom the LORD has blessed" (Isaiah 61:9).

The rise and spread of the English language in itself attests the greatness of the Anglo-Saxon race. Their accomplishments far surpass the total accomplishments of all other peoples combined. [4] Nevertheless the Houses of Israel and Judah were to be punished "Seven Times" for their sins (Leviticus 26:28). This is interpreted as seven times the generally accepted year of 360 days; hence 2,520 years will measure their punishment, and if dated from 721 B.C. when the dispersion began we arrive at 1800 A.D. when the western world became more aware of its duties to fellowman.

It is interesting to compare the Seal of the United States of America with that of Great Britain. On one side of American seal is a flying eagle in same attitude as on the standard of Dan. The motto: "E pluribus unum" has thirteen letters for the thirteen tribes. Above the motto is a parting of the clouds by night. Manasseh had as their banner the motto "the cloud of Jehovah rest on them, even when they go forth out of the camp." In left talon of the eagle are thirteen arrows; in the right thirteen branches of olive. On reverse side of seal is the unfinished pyramid. Above is the motto "Annuit Coeptis" of thirteen letters -- "He prospers our beginnings." Manasseh was the thirteenth tribe. The shield of Great Britain carries the sphinx, the lion and the unicorn, indicative of Egyptian origin and relationship with Ephraim, whose standard was the unicorn and wild ox; and with Judah whose standard was the lion. [5]


[1] By 113 B.C. the Cimbri were fighting the Roman soldiers in the Cernic Alps. Again in 109 B.C. a Roman army under Julius Silvanus was utterly routed by these Cimbri in southern Gaul. In 107 B.C. the Roman armies under L. Cassius Longinus and in 105 B.C. under M. Aurelius Serverus on lower Rhine were defeated by them. Q. Coepio's army was annihilated by these Cimbri at Aransio with 120,000 slain. Finally Marius defeated the Cimbri-Teutones combination at Aquae Sextiae (Aix) in Gaul.

[2] The Post-Captivity Names of Israel, by William Pascoe Goard, and The Origin of the English, by B. deW. Weldon, London: The Covenant Publishing Company, 1934. The Heritage of the Anglo-Saxon Race, by M. H. Gayer, Haverhill, Mass.: Destiny Publishers, 1941. Prehistoric London, Its Mounds and Circles, by Elizabeth O. Gordon, London: Elliot Stock, 1914. The Growth of Western Civilization, by A. E. R. Boak, Albert Hyma and Preston Slosson (4th ed.) New York. Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1951 (inclusive of our map of near east and Europe).

[3] British-Israel Truth, by Denis Hanan and H. Aldersmith, London: The Covenant Publishing Co., 1926.

[4] Vikings, by Thomas D. Kendrick, New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1930. The Viking Age, by Paul B. du Chaillu, New York, C. Scribner's Sons, 1889. The History of the Anglo-Saxons from the Earliest Period to the Norman Conquest, by Sharon Turner, Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1841 (First Published 1799).

European and Other Race Origins, by Herbert Bruce Hannay, London, Sampson Low, Marston & Co., 1915. The Story of the Goths, by Henry Bradley, New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1888, Guthones (The Goths), by Alexander M. Rackus, Chicago: Draugas Publishing Co., 1929. The Swedes and the Swedish Goths, by Calvin Kephart, Washington, D. C., 1938. The Lost Tribes of Israel, by Reader Harris, London: S. W. Partridge & Co., 1907. Israel's Wanderings, by Oxonian London: The British Israel Identity Corporation, 1881. The Lost Tribes, by George Moore, London: Longman, Green, Longman & Roberts, 1861.

[5] Are Anglo-Saxons Israelites, by Jesse F. Bradford, Bradford Printing Co., Dallas, Texas, 1932.


Hope of Israel Ministries -- Preparing the Way for the Return of YEHOVAH God and His Messiah!

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P.O. Box 853
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